About the Data

Purpose:

This report provides information on Texas public school prekindergarten programs. It includes information on the number of school districts and schools that provide full-day and half-day programs as well as student enrollment. For students ages three or four as of September 1 of the school year, enrollment in public prekindergarten is shown for students by ethnicity, gender, average daily attendance (ADA) eligibility, economically disadvantaged, limited English proficiency (LEP), and other student programs. Additionally, this report provides high-level information on prekindergarten funding sources and expenditures. This report is available at the state level and by individual school districts.

For more information about prekindergarten, see the TEA website at http://www.tea.state.tx.us/index2.aspx?id=2147495267&menu_id=2147483718.

For more information about ADA eligibility and funding sources see the Student Attendance Accounting Handbook, http://tea.texas.gov/Finance_and_Grants/Financial_Compliance/Student__Attendance_Accounting_Handbook/.

Data Source

Data in this report for Texas public school district prekindergarten programs come from the Texas Education Agency’s Texas Public Education Information Management System (PEIMS). In this report, public prekindergarten student enrollment is defined as the number of prekindergarten enrollees ages 3 and 4 who were reported enrolled as of the Fall Snapshot date (last Friday in October) of each year. In order to protect student confidentiality, small data numbers in this report are masked, i.e., shown as asterisks (*) in data tables and graphed as zeros in charts, but not all zeroes in charts represent masked data. Data in this report are updated annually. If actual expenditure data are not available for the most recent school year, it is not shown.

Data Elements

Age:

For the purpose of this report and for establishing Foundation School Program eligibility, a student’s age is as of September 1 of the school year.

All Funds Revenue:

All Funds Revenue includes all revenue received by the districts, including general fund revenue plus federal grant programs, national school lunch revenue, state grant programs, debt service revenue, and capital projects funds.

Average Daily Attendance (ADA):

The number of students in average daily attendance. ADA is based on the number of days of instruction in the school year. The aggregate number of days of attendance is divided by the number of days of instruction to compute ADA. ADA is used in a formula to distribute funding to Texas public school districts.

ADA Eligible Student:

A student who is coded as eligible in the attendance accounting system (coded with ADA eligibility as eligible for full-day attendance, eligible for half-day attendance, eligible transfer student for full-day attendance, eligible transfer student for half-day attendance, or eligible flex attend program participation).

Economically Disadvantaged:

A student is designated as economically disadvantaged if he/she is eligible for free or reduced price lunch or eligible for other public assistance as defined in the TEA’s Public Education Information Management System (PEIMS) Data Standards.

Ethnicity:

Ethnicity/race is one of the demographic characteristics reported for each student at the time of enrollment. The categories used in this report are described in the PEIMS Data Standards as:

Fiscal year:

The Texas Education Agency’s fiscal year runs from September 1 of the current calendar year through August 31 of the next calendar year.

Foster Care:

Students who are in or who have ever been in the conservatorship of the Texas Department of Family and Protective Services (DFPS) (i.e., in foster care) following an adversary hearing are eligible for free prekindergarten. These students include not only students who are in or who have ever been in DFPS conservatorship but also students who have been adopted or returned to their parents after having been in DFPS conservatorship.

Foundation School Program (FSP):

The program under which Texas public school districts receive resources to provide a basic instructional program and facilities to eligible students.

Full & Half-Day Student Instruction:

A public school providing full & half-day instruction provides both full-day and half-day prekindergarten programs.

Full-Day Only Student Instruction:

A public school providing prekindergarten full-day only student instruction serves all students for four or more hours.

Funding Sources:

The Texas Education Agency funds half-day prekindergarten through the Foundation School Program for ADA eligible three-and four-year-old students. Eligible students who receive special education services and attend a full day of prekindergarten programs are eligible for a full day of attendance. For students ADA eligible for half-day attendance attending eligible full-day programs, districts may fund the second half of a full-day program in a variety of ways including but not limited to local funds, state, federal or foundation grants. Districts may also provide prekindergarten classes to children who are not ADA eligible on a tuition basis or fund half-day and full-day programs in a variety of ways.

General Fund Revenue:

General Fund Revenue includes revenue for maintenance and operations that may be expended at the designation of the governing board of the school district as opposed to having a legally restricted expenditure requirement. Some of the revenue sources include M&O taxes, other local M&O revenue, state aid under the FSP, and available school fund revenue. It is audited data reported annually to TEA by school districts and charter schools. (The M&O tax rate provides funds for the maintenance and operations costs of a school district.)

Half-Day Only Student Instruction:

A public school providing prekindergarten half-day only student instruction serves all students for at least two hours but less than four hours.

Homeless:

If the student is eligible for prekindergarten because the student is homeless, the student must fit the definition of homeless as defined by 42 U.S.C. Section 11302 or 42 U.S.C. Section 11434(a).The term “homeless child,” as used in the prekindergarten statute, TEC, §29.153(b)(3), is defined by 42 USC, §11434a. The definition of “homeless,” “homeless individual,” and “homeless person” in 42 USC, §11302, is similar, but not identical, to the definition of “homeless children and youths” in 42 USC, §11434a. As the general admission provision in the TEC, §25.001(b) (5), references the homeless definition in 42 USC, §11302, the TEA advises school districts to apply 42 USC, §11434a, and 42 USC, §11302, when determining whether a prekindergarten student is eligible for enrollment. For both definitions, see the entry for “Homeless Students” in the Student Attendance Accounting Handbook. http://tea.texas.gov/Finance_and_Grants/Financial_Compliance/Student__Attendance_Accounting_Handbook/

Limited English Proficient or LEP:

Limited English Proficient or LEP refers to students who have limited English language skills. A student is identified as LEP by the Language Proficiency Assessment Committee (LPAC) according to criteria established in the Texas Administrative Code.

Military Child:

A student is eligible for prekindergarten if the student is the child of an active duty, injured or killed member of the armed forces of the United States, including the state military forces or a reserved component of the armed forces.

Prekindergarten (PK):

A public school district is required to offer a prekindergarten program if it identifies 15 or more eligible students who are at least four years of age by September 1 of the school year. A school district may offer prekindergarten if the district identifies 15 or more eligible children who are at least three years of age. To be eligible to attend a state funded prekindergarten program, the child must meet one of the following criteria.

Prekindergarten Eligibility:

A school district may offer a tuition based program for an additional half day of prekindergarten classes to those children who are eligible for free prekindergarten classes or half-day and full-day prekindergarten classes to children who are ineligible for free prekindergarten classes.

Special Education:

Special education is a program that serves students with disabilities. It provides instructional and related services for eligible students with cognitive, physical, and or emotional disabilities.

Calculated Data Elements

Expenditure Per Student:

For the purpose of this report, expenditure per student is calculated as prekindergarten program expenditures divided by the total number of enrolled prekindergarten students in membership. The number of prekindergarten students in membership includes prekindergarten students of all ages.

First Grade Enrollment All Students:

The number of students enrolled in first grade in the Texas public school system as of the Fall Snapshot date (the last Friday in October) of each year. Student enrollment includes any student served by a public school district including charter schools but not including the Texas School for the Deaf, Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired, or the Texas Youth Commission schools.

First Grade Enrollment PK Eligible Student Programs:

The number of students enrolled in first grade in the Texas public school system as of the Fall Snapshot date (the last Friday in October) of each year who are either economically disadvantaged, have limited English proficiency, in foster care, homeless or are military children. Student enrollment includes any student served by a public school district including charter schools but not including the Texas School for the Deaf, Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired, or the Texas Youth Commission schools.

Prekindergarten Enrollment of All Ages:

The number of prekindergarten students of all ages enrolled in the Texas public school system as of the Fall Snapshot date (the last Friday in October) of each year. These enrollment counts include students enrolled in full-day or half-day programs and enrolled students who are served less than two hours per day. Prekindergarten enrollment of all ages includes any student served by a public school district including charter schools but not including the Texas School for the Deaf, Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired, or the Texas Youth Commission schools.

Prekindergarten Enrollment Age 4:

The number of prekindergarten students who are age four as of September 1st and enrolled in the Texas public school system as of the Fall Snapshot date (the last Friday in October) of each year. These enrollment counts include students enrolled in either full-day or half-day programs; enrolled students who are not served at least two hours per day are not included. Student enrollment includes any student served by a public school district including charter schools but not including the Texas School for the Deaf, Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired, or the Texas Youth Commission schools.

Prekindergarten Membership:

For this report, prekindergarten membership is defined as the number of prekindergarten students of all ages who were reported in membership as of the Fall Snapshot date (last Friday in October) of each year. These membership counts include any prekindergarten student served at least 2 hours per day by a public school district including charter schools but not including the Texas School for the Deaf, Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired, or the Texas Youth Commission schools. Membership is a slightly different number from Prekindergarten enrollment of all ages, because it does not include those prekindergarten students who are served in the district for fewer than 2 hours per day.

Number of Districts Providing PK:

The number of public school districts (including charter schools but does not include the Texas School for the Deaf, Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired, or the Texas Youth Commission schools) providing a prekindergarten program.

Student Enrollment:

The number of prekindergarten students ages three or four as of September 1st enrolled in the Texas public school system as of the Fall Snapshot date (the last Friday in October) of each year. These enrollment counts include students enrolled in either full-day or half-day programs; enrolled students who are not served at least two hours per day are not included. Student enrollment includes any student served by a public school district including charter schools but not including the Texas School for the Deaf, Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired, or the Texas Youth Commission schools.

Total Number of Districts:

The number of active Texas public school districts including charter schools but not including the Texas School for the Deaf, Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired, or the Texas Youth Commission schools.